30, September 2017

1.NITI Aayog invites Indian entrepreneurs to participate in the Global Entrepreneurship Summit, 2017

Source: PIB

This year’s theme is “Women First, Prosperity for All” to celebrate entrepreneurial spirit in all its strength, diversity, and entirety

NITI Aayog, in partnership with the Government of the United States of America, is hosting the eighth annual Global Entrepreneurship Summit from Nov 28-30, 2017.

Key facts:

  • This is the first time the Global Entrepreneurship Summit is being held in South Asia. Hosting GES 2017 in Hyderabad will empower Indian entrepreneurs to pitch their ideas, build partnerships, secure funding, and create innovative products and services that will transform societies for a better future.
  • It will not only bring global best practices to India, but will create an irreplaceable place for India in the global entrepreneurial ecosystem.
  • The theme for this year’s Summit – Women First, Prosperity for All – will celebrate entrepreneurship in all its strength, diversity and entirety.
  • The four primary focus areas of GES 2017 are Health Care and Life Sciences, Digital Economy and Financial Technology, Energy and Infrastructure, and Media and Entertainment.
  • Entrepreneurs, investors and ecosystem supporters in these sectors will come together for two and a half days to participate in dynamic panel discussions, high-impact networking, mentoring and investment matchmaking.

The summit will deliberate on the four key sectors, focus on critical aspects of entrepreneurship and host interactive sessions between panelists and the audience.

2.India registers significant decline in Infant Mortality Rate (IMR)

Source: PIB

Gender gap reducing: Big boost to ‘Beti Bachao Beti Padhao’ 

India has registered a significant decline in Infant Mortality Rate (IMR). According to the just released SRS bulletin, IMR of India has declined by three points (8% decline), from 37 per 1000 live births in 2015 to 34 per 1000 live births in 2016, compared to two points decline last year.

  • Not only this, India also recorded a major drop in birth cohort, which has for the first time come down to below 25 million.
  • India has registered 90000 fewer infant deaths in 2016 as compared to 2015. The total number of estimated infant deaths have come down from 930000 (9.3 Lakhs) in 2015 to 840000 (8.4 lakhs) in 2016.

Report:

  • According to the SRS Bulletin the gender gap in India for child survival is reducing steadily.
  • The gender difference between female and male IMR has now reduced to <10%, giving a major boost to the ‘Beti Bachao Beti Padhao’ scheme of the Government.
  • The results signify that the strategic approach of the Ministry has started yielding dividends and the efforts of focusing on low performing States is paying off.
  • Among the EAG States and Assam, all States except Uttarakhand have reported decline in IMR in comparison to 2015. The decline is reported as 4 points in Bihar, 3 points in Assam, Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh and Jharkhand and two points decline in Chhattisgarh, Odisha and Rajasthan

Way ahead:

  • These remarkable achievements in merely one year is also the result of a countrywide efforts to increase the health service coverage through various initiatives of the Government that includes strengthening of service delivery; quality assurance; RMNCH+A; human resources, community processes; information and knowledge; drugs and diagnostics, and supply chain management, etc.

Beti Bachao Beti Padhao

It has come to the notice of Ministry of Women & Child Development (MWCD), Government of India that certain unauthorized sites/organizations/ NGOs/individuals are distributing illegal forms in the name of cash incentive under Beti Bachao Beti Padhao Scheme.

 Other Issues

  • The scheme has no provision for individual CASH TRANSFER COMPONENT by Government of India.
  • Beti Bachao Beti Padhao scheme focuses on challenging mindsets and deep rooted patriarchy in the societal system, strict enforcement of PC&PNDT Act, advancing education of the girl child: focus is on issues of women empowerment on a life cycle continuum. It is not a DBT (Direct Benefit Transfer) scheme.

Illegal activity 

  • The Ministry of Women & Child Development has taken up this matter with the State Government Authorities where this illegal activity has taken place namely, Uttar Pradesh, Haryana, Uttarakhand, Punjab, Bihar, Madhya Pradesh and West Bengal.
  • The warning has been broadcast several times by this Ministry on print media as well as electronic media to this effect. The Ministry had advised that no personal details should be shared in this regard and no one should subscribe to such fraudulent scheme.
  • However, still some people are falling prey to such frauds and paying money or disclose personal details in name of such non-existent benefit being falsely offered in the name of BBBP scheme. The general public is therefore, once again advised not to fall prey into this fake and fraudulent information.

3.‘India Playing a Leadership Role in Wildlife Management by Involving Local Communities’

Source: PIB

India Hosts Global Wildlife Programme to Address Illegal Wildlife Trade

  • In an attempt to address illegal wildlife trade across 19 countries of Asia and Africa, India is hosting the Global Wildlife Programme (GWP) jointly with World Bank and United Nations Development Programme. Union Minister of Environment, Forest and Climate Change.

Key facts:

  • Coinciding with the ‘Wildlife Week’, the theme of the Conference is – “Peoples’ participation in wildlife conservation”. The meeting will bring about strengthened cooperation between India and the 18 GWP countries in better management of wildlife habitats and minimizing human-wildlife conflict situations. It will also enable India to strengthen its enforcement mechanism to control illicit trade.
  • The GWP will hold discussions on management of wildlife habitat, securing sustainable community livelihood, enhancing enforcement, monitoring, cooperation to reduce wildlife crimes such as poaching and related threats.
  • The Conference will provide an opportunity for India to showcase its conservation efforts through joint forest management, vana sanrakshan samitis, eco-development committees in and around Protected Areas.

Way ahead:

  • The meeting will host wildlife experts, leading practitioners across 19 GWP countries, government representatives from India’s forestry and conservation sectors, leading corporate associated with environmental and biodiversity conservation, civil society organisations and school children.

Global Wildlife Program:

Why is the Global Wildlife Program needed?

  • The illegal wildlife trade (IWT) is a global threat. The problem is particularly acute in Africa, where iconic species – the African elephant, white and black rhinos, and pangolins – are being poached to extinction.
  • As species are poached and illegally harvested at increasingly unsustainable levels, wildlife crime has become the fourth most lucrative illegal business after narcotics, human trafficking, and weapons.
  • The presence of wildlife in protected areas ensures that an ecosystem can function and maintain natural capital (soil, forests, air, water, etc.) As natural resource crime such as poaching increases, it results in environmental degradation.
  • This adversely affects ecosystem services, which in turn affects the survival of these communities who depend upon these services for livelihoods, fuel and food. The cost of environmental crime to developing countries is estimated to be more than $70 billion a year (World Bank 2014).

To respond to the growing crisis and international call for action, the Global Environment Facility (GEF) in June 2015 launched the “Global Partnership on Wildlife Conservation and Crime Prevention for Sustainable Development” program also known as the Global Wildlife Program (GWP).

For More Details About Program: http://www.worldbank.org/en/topic/environment/brief/global-wildlife-program

Global Environment Facility

  • The Global Environment Facility (GEF) was established on the eve of the 1992 Rio Earth Summit to help tackle our planet’s most pressing environmental problems.
  • Since then, the GEF has provided over $17 billion in grants and mobilized an additional $88 billion in financing for more than 4000 projects in 170 countries.
  • Today, the GEF is an international partnership of 183 countries, international institutions, civil society organizations and the private sector that addresses global environmental issues.

More details: https://www.thegef.org/about-us

4.President Kovind appoints five new Governors, Banwarilal Purohit made TN Governor

Source: Indian Expess

President Ram Nath Kovind on Saturday appointed five new Governors for the states of Arunachal Pradesh, Bihar, Tamil Nadu, Assam and Meghalaya.

  • A statement from the President’s office said the appointments will come into effect from the date the incumbents assume charge of the new posts.

The Governor of State: Appointment, Term, Salary, Power and Function

  • The executive power of the State is vested in the Governor and all executive action of the state has to be taken in the name of the Governor.
  • Normally, there is a Governor for each State but the Constitution (7th amendment) Act 1956, makes it possible to appoint the same person as the Governor for two or more States (Art. 153).

Appointment, Term and Salary:

  • The Governor is appointed by the President and holds his office at the pleasure of the President in accordance with the Article 156. Any citizen of 35 years of age and above is eligible but he must not hold any other office of profit, nor be a Member of Parliament or State Legislature.
  • The normal term of office is five years but may be terminated earlier by (i) dismissal by the President or (ii) resignation addressed to the President.

The Dual Role of the Governor as the Constitutional Head of the State and as the Representative of the Centre:

  • The Governor is the ceremonial head of the state and the Chief Minister and his councils are to aid and advise him in matters other than what falls under his discretion. All the executive powers are exercised by the Cabinet in the name of the Governor. The courts of the land do not have the power to question the action of the Governor taken in his discretion and his decision is deemed final.
  • He acts as the Representative of the Central Government because he is the only Constitutional link between the Centre and the State. As he is appointed by the President on the advice of the Prime Minister, he is inclined to remain more loyal to the Centre than to the States.
  • It is his duty to ensure that the State Government functions in accordance with the directives of the Centre and the Constitution. State Emergency is declared by the President upon the advice of the Governor of the concerned State.
  • As the representative of the Centre in State he should strive to maintain the federal balance and political stability in a peaceful manner. His role as the head of State Government grants him discretionary powers and the exact range of his powers would greatly depend upon the political situation that exists in the State.
  • If the State is politically harmonious there is less burden for the Governor and in case the State is overwhelmed by political disharmony the Governor has an herculean task of solving various problems ahead of him.

More details: http://www.yourarticlelibrary.com/essay/the-governor-of-state-appointment-term-salary-power-and-function/24904/



Leave a Reply