24&25, December 2017

1.States rank 50000 Gram Panchayats under Mission Antyodaya

Source: PIB

In partnership with State Governments, Department of Rural Development has completed the ranking of 50,000 Gram Panchayats on parameters of physical infrastructure, human development and economic activities.

  • Other relevant data with regard to household deprivations as per Socio Economic Census, physical infrastructure as per the Census 2011 and the updated status of other selected villages are also available in the public domain.
  • This facilitates identification of gaps in a quest for Poverty Free Gram Panchayats.

Key facts:

  • 50,000 Gram Panchayats have been selected in about 5,000 clusters to drive economic activities along with development of physical infrastructure and human development on a priority.
  • Public institutions like Krishi Vigyan Kendras, MSME Clusters, other Skill Development Institutions will all be involved in developing the fullest potential of these clusters for enhancing productive employment and economic activities.
  • The potential of these clusters, inter alia, could be in organic agriculture, horticulture, manufacturing, services, tourism, etc.
  • Even the private sector, especially young CEOs, Start Ups and Corporate Social Responsibility Initiatives are being invited to join the movement for making Panchayats Poverty free through enhanced livelihood diversification and market linkages.
  • The Panchayats have been selected by the State Governments purposively on the basis of social capital. These Panchayats have strong women Self Help Groups or have strong Panchayat leadership. 300 Rurban Clusters and over 750 Saansad Adarsh Gram Yojana Panchayats etc. have also been covered on priority
  • Through convergence of all Government programmes across Ministries and Departments, an effort is being made to diversify livelihood and to eradicate poverty of households.

Mission Antyodaya

  • Mission Antyodaya is a convergence framework for measurable effective outcomes on parameters that transform lives and livelihoods.
  • Real Difference comes about through Convergence as it alone simultaneously addresses multi dimensions of poverty.
  • Evidence of convergence reducing poverty, raising incomes – IRMA Study.
  • Communitization’ through Women SHGs improves education, health, nutrition indicators
  • Saturation approach creates many more ‘islands of success’ – Only Hivre Bazaar?
  • Leveraging Bank loans promotes an enterprise model.
  • Many initiatives provide for universal coverage of the eligible beneficiaries – Ujwala, SBM, PMAY, Skills, Power, Roads, internet, Bank accounts.
  • Integral positive co-relation among infrastructure, human development and sustainable economic well-being.
  • 5000 islands of successful Rural Clusters over 1000 days will be transformational.

2.The new National Nutrition Mission to be taken up in the form of a Jan Andalon

Source: PIB

The Government has recently approved the setting up of new National Nutrition Mission (NNM) to address the problem of stunting, anaemia malnutrition in the country.

The salient features of the Mission are:

  1. Ensuring convergence with various programmes;
  2. Incentivizing States/Union Territories for achieving targeted goals;
  3. Information and Communication Technology enabled Real Time Monitoring (ICT-RTM) of ICDS;
  4. Evaluation by NITI Aayog;
  5. Setting up of National Nutrition Resource Centre (NNRC) at National level and State Nutrition Resource Centre (SNRC) in each State/Union Territory;
  6. Providing weighing scales to ensure weighing through real time alerts for prompt interventions;
  7. Community mobilisation awareness advocacy and Information Education Communication through local institutions, innovation and Jan Andolan by educating people on nutritional aspects, on-line Course on Nutrition for Children, Nutrition message from folk songs and songs on WASH, sending messages on nutrition and also creating ring-tones, Yoga for children at AWCs;
  8. Strengthening human resource;
  9. Measuring height and length of children below 6 years of age for early detection of stunting and wasting; and
  10. Strengthening of Training & Capacity Building, Community Mobilization & Behaviour Change & Communication (BCC) and Community Based Management of Severely Acute Malnourished (SAM) children.

Targets:

  • NNM targets to reduce stunting, under-nutrition, anemia (among young children, women and adolescent girls) and reduce low birth weight by 2%, 2%, 3% and 2% per annum respectively.
  • Although the target to reduce Stunting is atleast 2% p.a., Mission would strive to achieve reduction in Stunting from 38.4% (NFHS-4) to 25% by 2022 (Mission 25 by 2022).

Major impact:

  • The programme through the targets will strive to reduce the level of stunting, under-nutrition, anemia and low birth weight babies. It will create synergy, ensure better monitoring, issue alerts for timely action, and encourage States/UTs to perform, guide and supervise the line Ministries and States/UTs to achieve the targeted goals.

Background:

  • There are a number of schemes directly/indirectly affecting the nutritional status of children (0-6 years age) and pregnant women and lactating mothers.
  • Inspite of these, level of malnutrition and related problems in the country is high.
  • There is no dearth of schemes but lack of creating synergy and linking the schemes with each other to achieve common goal.
  • NNM through robust convergence mechanism and other components would strive to create the synergy.

3.Pradhan Mantri Suraksha Bima Yojana and Pradhan Mantri Jeevan Jyoti Bima Yojana

Source: PIB

The Govt. of India has provided insurance cover to Anganwadi Workers (AWWs) and Anganwadi Helpers (AWHs) in association with the Life Insurance Corporation of India.

  • The AWWs and AWHs in the age group of 18-50 years are covered under Pradhan Mantri Jeevan Jyoti Bima Yojana (PMJJBY)
  • 2 lakhs is payable on member’s death due to any reason;
  • Those in the age group of 18-70 years are covered under Pradhan Mantri Suraksha Bima Yojana (PMSBY) for which following benefits are being given: –

 

Table of Benefits

 

Sum Insured
a. Death

 

Rs.2 lakh
b. Total and irrecoverable loss of both eyes or loss of use of both hands or feet or loss of sight of one eye and loss of use of hand or foot Rs. 2 lakh
c. Total and irrecoverable loss of sight of one eye or loss of use of one hand or foot Rs.1 la

 

Ministry of Rural Development

Year-end review 2017:  http://pib.nic.in/newsite/PrintRelease.aspx?relid=174734

Ministry of Science & Technology

Year End Review 2017:  http://pib.nic.in/newsite/PrintRelease.aspx?relid=174769

4.National Company Law Tribunal (NCLT)

Source: The Hindu

Since the National Company Law Tribunal (NCLT) was set up 18 months ago, over 4,300 cases have been filed at its various benches for resolution process, according to the Reserve Bank data. Of these, more than 500 applications seeking admission for insolvency proceedings were rejected, dismissed or withdrawn.

National Company Law Tribunal:

  • National Company Law Tribunal (NCLT) is a quasi-judicial body that will govern the companies in India. It was established under the Companies Act, 2013 and is a successor body of the Company Law Board.
  • NCLT will have the same powers as assigned to the erstwhile Company Law Board (which are mostly related to dealing with oppression and mismanagement), Board for Industrial and Financial Reconstruction (BIFR)(revival of sick companies) and powers related to winding up of companies (which was available only with the High Courts).
  • The setting up of NCLT as a specialized institution for corporate justice is based on the recommendations of the Justice Eradi Committee on Law Relating to Insolvency and Winding up of Companies.



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