24, May 2017

1.Ozone2Climate” Technology Roadshow

Source: PIB

  • In a first, Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change, along with the UN Environment OzonAction’s Compliance Assistance Programme, recently organized an “Ozone2Climate” Technology Roadshow, post Kigali Amendment to the Montreal Protocol, on the sidelines of the South Asia National Ozone Officers Annual Network Meeting – 2017 in Agra.
  • Over 200 refrigerant technicians, ozone officers, business representatives and government officials attended the Roadshow.

Ozone2Climate technology

  • The Technology Roadshow was organized for the first time as part of the annual network meeting for Ozone Officers of South Asia.
  • The “Ozone2Climate Technology Roadshow” had 13 exhibitors that promoted ozone and climate-friendly alternative technologies to HCFCs and HFCs in the refrigeration and air-conditioning (RAC) sector.
  • The Technology Roadshow showcased current refrigeration and air conditioning equipment designed to be more energy efficient, hence with a double benefit of saving money for consumers, and with a much lower impact on the environment.

Kigali conference 2016:

  • The negotiations at Kigali were aimed at including Hydrofluoro Carbons (HFCs) in the list of chemicals under the Montreal Protocol with a view to regulate their production and consumption and phase them down over a period of time with financial assistance from the Multilateral Fund created under the Montreal Protocol.
  • The Kigali amendments to the Montreal Protocol will, for the first time, incentivise improvement in energy efficiency in case of use of new refrigerant and technology. Funding for R&D and servicing sector in developing countries has also been included in the agreed solutions on finance.
  • The Kigali Amendment to the Montreal Protocol is legally binding and will come into force from 1 January 2019. Under Kigali Amendment, in all 197 countries, including India have agreed to a timeline to reduce the use of HFCs by roughly 85% of their baselines by 2045.

All signatory countries have been divided into three groups with different timelines to go about reductions of HFCs.

  1. Wealthy, developed countries, such as the United States and the European Union, will start to limit their use of HFCs within a few years and make a cut of at least 10% from 2019.
  2. Rapidly developing countries, including many in Latin America, will freeze their use of HFCs starting in 2024.
  3. Developing countries, specifically India, Pakistan, Iran, Iraq and the Gulf states, will freeze their use starting in 2028.

Climate Technology Centre and Network

  • The CTCN is the operational arm of the UNFCCC Technology Mechanism, hosted by the UN Environment Programme (UNEP) and the UN Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO).
  • The Centre promotes the accelerated transfer of environmentally sound technologies for low carbon and climate resilient development at the request of developing countries. We provide technology solutions, capacity building and advice on policy, legal and regulatory frameworks tailored to the needs of individual countries.

2.SEVA App

Source: PIB

The government has launched the Saral Eindhan Vitaran Application (SEVA), developed in-house by Coal India Limited (CIL) for power sector consumers.

Key facts:

  • SEVA is a part of ‘Digital India’ initiative, which is aimed at increasing the Consumer Connect as well as the Transparency and Accountability in Coal dispatch.
  • The SEVA Dashboard provides summary of quantity of coal dispatched along with grades for the given day, month, and the latest yearly updates as well. It also provides information on rake movement including latest status of indents of rake, allotment and loading. This would help consumers making advance logistics planning.
  • The app has a dedicated backend team to monitor the status of specific grievances from consumers and take action on the feedback received on the app. While much of the information on the SEVA Dashboard is available in open access, consumer specific data would be password protected.

 Significance:

  • The consumer friendly mobile app helps in tracking of coal dispatch to 118 Power Plants through Fuel Supply Agreement (FSA) of around 500 MT besides, dispatch through Special Forward E-Auction and Bridge Linkage from more than 200 dispatch points spread over eight states of the country.
  • By using this app the common man would be able to hold the Government accountable for the coal linkage allocations and would be able to check any pilferage or inefficiencies in coal consumption for power generation. This would, in turn, lead to rationalization of coal linkages and finally reduction in the power prices in the country. In near future, non-power sector mines would also be added in this App.

3.Reader titled “Raising Happy Children and Providing Safe Childhoods” released

Source: PIB

The Ministry of Women and Child Development has developed a reader titled “Raising Happy Children and Providing Safe Childhoods”.

Key facts:

  • It provides advisory guidelines to parents, teachers and community to protect children from being involved in delinquent behavior through early detection, counselling and positive engagement.
  • It draws upon basic principles laid down in the Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act 2015 which provides a strong formal framework for dealing with children in conflict with the law throughout the criminal justice process.
  • The reader draws upon good practices across the world which have proved to be successful in keeping children safe and away from delinquent behavior.
  • The reader suggests a broad framework for imbibing positive skills such as conflict resolution and violence prevention to keep them protected and help them achieve their full potential.
  • The reader is divided into three parts wherein part-I is for parents and what they can do to prevent violence and crimes by children, followed by part-II and III for teachers and community members respectively. Each part briefly discusses few major problems that can push children on the wrong side of law, the early signs of this, what can be done to strengthen protection or intervene to reduce risks.

Young children experience their world through their relationships with parents, teachers, peers and other caregivers.  Therefore, there is a need to create a warm, loving and nurturing environment where their physical, emotional and spiritual needs are recognized and honored by their family, school and community so as to allow them to reach their full potential.

4.Karnataka child marriage Bill finally gets President’s nod

Source: The Hindu

President Pranab Mukherjee has given his assent to the long-pending Prohibition of Child Marriage (Karnataka amendment) Bill, 2016, giving greater powers to the police and increasing the penalty for child marriage.

  • The Bill was drafted based on the recommendations of a core committee headed by Shivaraj V. Patil, former Supreme Court judge.
  • Karnataka is among the States that record a high number of child marriages in the country (about 23% of the total, according to a recent survey)
  • A large number of child marriage cases are reported from north Karnataka, including Dharwad, Belagavi, Bagalkot, Koppal, Raichur and Vijayapura districts.

Child marriage Bill:

  • The amended Bill seeks to ensure zero tolerance towards child marriage, granting powers to policemen and enhancing penalties for those attending wedding ceremonies of minors. While the original legislation does not prescribe a minimum punishment for offenders, the amendment proposes rigorous imprisonment of one year. It also enables any police officer to take cognizance of the offence.
  • The Bill was amended last year by the State Assembly and sent to the Centre. The Home Ministry, which acts as an administrative ministry for State Bills and legislation, after consulting other Central ministries, forwarded the Bill to the Presidential secretariat, sources in the State secretariat said.
  • The State had been urging the Centre to pass the Bill at the earliest, in order to help it to eradicate the menace of child marriage in the next few years.

5.Karmapa’s travel curbs to go

Source: The Hindu

Urgyen Trinley Dorje, the 17th Gyalwang Karmapa, may be allowed to visit any place in the country, except Sikkim, without seeking the government’s permission. The Home Ministry has moved the proposal before the Cabinet Committee on Security.

Significant of this move:

  • The move assumes significance in the wake of China’s repeated warnings over the recent Northeast visit of the Dalai Lama, who Beijing describes as a “separatist” for spearheading the Tibetan freedom movement.
  • The entry of all three Karmapa claimants has been banned at the Rumtek monastery in East Sikkim since 1994, following objections by some prominent teachers of the Kagyu school to recognising Dorje as the 17th Karmapa.
  • In 2011, the police had recovered ₹1.2 crore of unaccounted-for foreign currency, including Chinese ones, from Gyuto Tantric University and Monastery in Dharamsala. The police registered a case against the Karmapa and the then government put more restrictions on his travel.

Karma Kagyu school:

  • The Karma Kagyu lineage belongs to one of the 4 main schools of Tibetan Buddhism. As a lineage of direct oral transmission it places particular emphasis on meditation and the realization of the direct experience of mind gained through the guidance of a teacher.
  • The Karma Kagyu lineage has its roots in the teachings of the historical Buddha and developed into a practical way to enlightenment in India and Tibet.
  • For over a 1000 years Buddhist Masters (Mahasiddhas) such as Naropa and Maitripa in India as well as the famous Tibetan Yogis Marpa and Milarepa shaped the lineage as a practical everyday practice for lay people.

Since the 12th century the Karmapas have been the heads of the Karma Kaygü lineage and responsible for the continuation of this direct transmission lineage. The present 17th Gyalwa Karmapa Thaye Dorje was born in 1983 and in 1994 he managed to flee the oppression of Tibet and came to India.

  1. Paytm Payments Bank

Source: The Hindu

Paytm has finally rolled out its Payments Bank, which is an almost-complete banking solution offered by the company. The digital wallet and e-commerce service provider received the final license from RBI for the bank last week. With the launch, Paytm is transferring all wallets to the new Paytm Payments Bank.

  • Under the new banking system, wallets and accounts will be two separate entities. In order to be a part of the banking system, the user will have to open a bank account with Paytm.
  • A Payments bank is similar to any other bank except it operates on a smaller scale. The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) introduced it in 2014 to increase the scope of financial inclusion to small savings account holders, low income households, small businesses, unorganised sector entities and migrant labour force.



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