22&23, October 2017

1.PM inaugurates Phase 1 of RO RO Ferry Service between Ghogha and Dahej

Source: PIB

The Prime Minister, inaugurated Phase 1 of the RO RO (Roll on, Roll off) ferry service between Ghogha in Saurashtra, and Dahej in South Gujarat which shall reduce the travel time from eight hours to over an hour.

Key Facts:

  • At present passenger movement is enabled, vehicle movement is possible once the ferry service is fully operational.
  • This ferry service is a first of sorts, will save a lot of time and fuel as many people commute between these two regions frequently.
  • Government aims to develop coastal infrastructure, integrate transport sector and improve state-of- the art to augment steps towards blue economy

What is Blue Economy:

  • It is the sustainable use of ocean resources for economic growth, improved livelihoods and jobs, and ocean ecosystem health. It encompasses many activities
  • Renewable Energy : Sustainable marine energy can play a vital role in social and economic development,
  • Fisheries : More fisheries can generate more revenue, more fish and help restore fish stocks

Maritime Transport

  • Tourism : Ocean and coastal tourism can bring jobs and economic growth
  • Waste Management: Better management of land based litter will help the ocean recover
  • Climate Change: Oceans are an important carbon sink and can mitigate climate change.

2.Yatra to highlight tribal way of agriculture

Source: The Hindu

A ‘Janjatiya Kisan Swaraj Yatra’, taken out as an outreach tour in the Vagad region of southern Rajasthan, comprising Banswara and Dungarpur districts, laid focus on sustainable farming through rain-fed agriculture and indigenous tribal practices.

  • Water, forest, land and seed were the key elements of the march.
  • The yatra, which began on Mahatma Gandhi’s birth anniversary this year and ended at Banswara on World Food Day, covered 101 villages in Vagad and the adjoining districts of Gujarat and Madhya Pradesh.
  • Participating farmers claimed their inalienable right on natural resources.

Key facts:

  • The main organisers of the yatra were Banswara-based Vaagdhara group and the Revitalising Rainfed Agriculture Network.
  • The march also highlighted the significance of tribal farmers as resource-savers and resource-keepers of the country as well as a unique cultural and social entity.
  • The government’s ongoing programmes for uplift of tribals have undervalued the contribution of rain-fed agriculture and farmers’ practices.
  • Tribals have an enormous storehouse of knowledge on food gathering, shifting hill cultivation, pastoralism, labour and handicrafts.
  • The participants also came to know of minor foodgrains such as kuri, kodra, bati, baota, kang, cheena, hama, hamli and gujro, which are on the verge of extinction and have a better nutritional value than wheat.

3.Election Commission announces Assembly Poll Schedule to Himachal Pradesh, stalls announcement of Gujarat Poll Schedule.

Source: The Hindu

PM slammed Opposition that it has no right for questioning the Election Commission’s motives in delaying the announcement of the Assembly poll schedule for the Gujarat State.

Reason:

  • Election Commission is bound by a 2001 Supreme Court judgement, which says there cannot be a gap of more than 3 weeks between the notification and the announcement of the election.
  • The Relief and rehabilitation work in flood-hit Gujarat would get affected if polls were announced as model code of conduct would have come into immediate effect

Election Commission of India

  • Articles 324 – 329 mention the Election Commission of India and contain all the relevant provisions.
  • The ECI Conducts Presidential, Vice Presidential, Lok Sabha, Rajya Sabha, State Legislative Assembly, and State Legislative Council elections.
  • It also evaluates and verifies election applications.
  • It also is responsible for administrative functions such as announcement preparation of electoral rolls.
  • It prescribes Model Code of Conduct to prevent electoral malpractices.
  • Any dispute relating to the conduct and management of elections have to placed before the Election Commission of India. However, any dispute with respect of LS, RS, and State Elections have to be placed before respective High Courts.

4.Why Exempt CBI from RTI, Asks Petition

Source: The Hindu

A plea has been filed in the Supreme Court for an early hearing of a petition challenging a 2011 government notification, which includes the Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) on the list of “intelligence and security organisations” exempted from disclosing information to the public under section 24 of the Right to Information Act.

CBI is only an investigating agency and not a security or intelligence organisation.

Impacts:

  • Such an administrative decision has a profound impact on the citizens of India as it restricts their fundamental right to information.
  • By this method the government could keep adding organisations to the Second Schedule, which do not meet the express criteria laid down in Section 24(2) of the RTI Act and ultimately render the RTI Act ineffective, Section 24 of the RTI act is titled ‘act not to apply to certain organizations’. it provides exception to obtaining information from intelligence and security organisations specified in the second schedule to the rti act or any information furnished by them to the government.

CBI:

  • CBI is the premier investigative agency in the country today, with a dual responsibility to investigate grievous cases and provide leadership and direction in fighting corruption to the Police force across the country.
  • It is indeed an honour to be heading such an agency which houses the country’s best investigative minds to fulfil this mission.

A Brief History of CBI:  http://cbi.nic.in/history.php



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