20, October 2016

1.INS Tihayu Joins the Indian Navy

Source: PIB

INS Tihayu would be based in Visakhapatnam under the Naval Officer-in-Charge (Andhra Pradesh) and would be deployed for coastal patrol and surveillance operations along the Eastern Coast.

About:

INS Tihayu is the second ship of the four follow-on Water Jet Fast Attack Craft (FO-WJFAC),

The ship is an improved version of WJFAC, earlier constructed by GRSE.

INS Tahiyu weighs 315-tonne and can achieve a top operating speed of 35 knots per hour. It is an improved version of the earlier vessels.

It has been fitted with three water jet propulsion systems, powered by marine diesel engines generating 2720 KW of power.

 It also has been loaded with an indigenously-built 30 mm CRN gun, an assorted variant of machine guns and shoulder-launched IGLA surface to air missile.

2.Second Joint tactical Exercise held by Indian and Chinese army in Ladakh – Ministry of Defence

Source: PIB and The Hindu

Indian and Chinese armies held Second Joint Exercise “Sino India Cooperation 2016” in Ladakh region along the Line of Actual Control (LAC) in Jammu and Kashmir.

The exercise compliments Hand in Hand series of India-China joint military exercises that aims to enhance cooperation and maintain peace and tranquility along border areas of both countries.

Sino- India:

Exercise on Humanitarian Aid and Disaster Relief (HADR) a fictitious situation of earthquake striking an Indian Border village was painted. Thereafter joint teams carried out rescue operations, evacuation and rendering of medical assistance.

The joint exercise, compliments the Hand in Hand series of the India -China joint exercises and the effort of both the nations to enhance cooperation and maintain peace and tranquility along the border areas of India and China.

The exercise was a great success and has not only refined the drills to provide succor to the border population in case of natural calamity but has also increased the level of trust and cooperation between the two border guarding forces along the LAC in Eastern Ladakh.

3.Kashmir’s Red Stag as Critically Endangered: IUCN

  • The Kashmir Stag or Hangul is a subspecies of elk native to India.
  • Earlier it was believed that it is a subspecies of red deer. But mitochondrial DNA genetic studies have revealed that it is part of the Asian clade of elk.
  • It is found in dense riverine forests in the high valleys and mountains of Kashmir Valley and northern Chamba district of Himachal Pradesh.
  • But at present, only about 150 of them survive within its last bastion in Dachigam National Park located on foothills of Zabarwan range on the outskirts of Srinagar, J&K.
  • Protection status: It has been listed under Schedule-I of the Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972 and J&K Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1978. It also has been listed among the top 15 species of high conservation priority by the Central Government.

About IUCN:

International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), in full International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources, formerly called World Conservation Union, network of environmental organizations founded as the International Union for the Protection of Nature.  world’s oldest global environmental organization. Its headquarters are in Gland, Switz.

The International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) is a membership Union uniquely composed of both government and civil society organisations.

 It provides public, private and non-governmental organisations with the knowledge and tools that enable human progress, economic development and nature conservation to take place together.

The IUCN’s activities are organized into several theme-based programs ranging from business and biodiversity to forest preservation to water and wetlands conservation.

 In addition, a smaller number of special initiatives draw upon the work of different programs to address specific issues, such as climate change, conservation, and poverty reduction.

The volunteer work of more than 10,000 scientists and other experts is coordinated through special commissions on education and communication; environmental, economic, and social policy; environmental law; ecosystem management; species survival; and protected areas.

All of the IUCN’s work is guided by a global program, which is adopted by member organizations every four years at the IUCN World Conservation Congress.

The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species provides taxonomic, conservation status and distribution information on plants, fungi and animals that have been globally evaluated using the IUCN Red List Categories and Criteria.

This system is designed to determine the relative risk of extinction, and the main purpose of the IUCN Red List is to catalogue and highlight those plants and animals that are facing a higher risk of global extinction (i.e. those listed as Critically Endangered, Endangered and Vulnerable).

The IUCN Red List also includes information on plants, fungi and animals that are categorized as Extinct or Extinct in the Wild

  • On taxa that cannot be evaluated because of insufficient information (i.e., are Data Deficient);
  • On plants, fungi and animals that are either close to meeting the threatened thresholds or that would be threatened were it not for an ongoing taxon-specific conservation programme (i.e., are Near Threatened).

 

 

4.India, US explore ways to promote trade, investment – explore ways to promote trade, investment

Source: The Hindu

Trade ministers of India and the US discussed various issues with an aim to ramp up trade and investment between the two countries.

10th India—US Trade Policy Forum (TPF)

Issues such as market access for agriculture items, promotion of investment in manufacturing and intellectual property rights (IPRs).

TPF is the premier bilateral forum for discussion and resolution of trade and investment issues between the two countries.

It has five focus groups: agriculture, investment, innovation and creativity (intellectual property rights), services, and tariff and non—tariff barriers.

The bilateral trade between the countries stood at $109 billion in 2015-16.

Issues:

Both the sides would be reviewing the progress achieved on the issues agreed upon in work plans for 2016, under all the four work streams and would be working out the way forward for 2017.

The bilateral commercial ties between the United States and India are growing stronger as reflected by increased bilateral trade in Goods and Services of $109 billion and highest ever FDI inflows in 2015-16.

The bilateral cooperation under TPF has resulted in resolving several market access issues and cooperation in services, manufacturing and IPR. India is looking forward to maintain the momentum further in the current TPF.

The new IPR Policy – (Ministry of Commerce & Industry)

The Policy recognises the abundance of creative and innovative energies that flow in India, and the need to tap into and channelise these energies towards a better and brighter future for all.

India’s National Intellectual Property Rights (IPR) Policy

The Policy which is in compliance with WTO’s (World Trade Organisation) agreement on TRIPS (Trade Related aspects of IPRs), aims to sustain entrepreneurship and boost.

India will engage constructively in the negotiation of international treaties and agreements in consultation with stakeholders.

The government will examine accession to some multilateral treaties which are in India’s interest, and become a signatory to those treaties which India has de facto implemented to enable it to participate in their decision making process.

It suggests making the department of industrial policy and promotion (DIPP) the nodal agency for all IPR issues. Copyrights related issues will also come under DIPP’s ambit from that of the Human Resource Development Ministry.

The Policy also seeks to facilitate domestic IPR filings, for the entire value chain from IPR generation to commercialisation. It aims to promote research and development through tax benefits.

Proposal to create an effective loan guarantee scheme to encourage start-ups.

5.India, Myanmar signed 3 MoUs

India and Myanmar have signed three Memorandum of Understanding (MoUs) to boost bilateral relations between two neighbouring nations.

The two countries agreed that close coordination to ensure security in the areas along border, and sensitivity to each other’s strategic interests, will help both neighbours.

Myanmar, considered one of India’s strategic neighbours, shares a 1,640-km-long border with a number of northeastern states including militancy-hit Nagaland and Manipur.

MoUs:

MoU for designing an academic and professional building programme for insurance industry of Myanmar.

MoU on Cooperation in the field of Power Sector. Under it India has offered to enhance power supply from Moreh in Manipur to Tamu in Myanmar.

MoU on Banking Supervision. It was signed between Reserve Bank of India (RBI) and Central Bank of Myanmar.

 



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