18, October 2017

1.Campaign on ‘women for women’: #IamThatWoman

Source: PIB

In an attempt to end Gender bias in women against women, the Ministry of Women and Child Development is undertaking an online campaign #IamThatWoman.

Key facts:

  • Through the campaign, the Ministry seeks to highlight the various aspects of women standing ‘by’ and ‘for’ women.
  • Ministry of WCD has urged people to shun stereotypes associated with women harming other women.
  • Twitter and Facebook users have been encouraged to tag and share stories of women helping women with a photograph and post online with the hashtag #IamThatWoman.

Significance of this campaign:

  • When a woman has the support of her womanhood, she can be unstoppable. Through this campaign, the government aims to shed light on the enormous contributions made by women for women.

2.Sawfish more threatened than tigers, say scientists

Source: The Hindu

World Sawfish day was observed on October 17th. The sawfish have been sighted off the Indian coast less than 10 times in over a decade and they appear to be more threatened than tigers and elephants, as per the scientists.

  • The sawfish today may be the most endangered fish species in India. Anecdotal evidence suggested they were once common along the Indian coast.

Key facts:

  • The sawfish has been included in Schedule I of the Indian Wildlife (Protection) Act 1972 enacted to save them from exploitation.
  • There are only five species of the sawfish ever identified — dwarf sawfish, knifetooth sawfish, smalltooth sawfish, largetooth sawfish and green sawfish.
  • Sawfish are elasmobranchs, meaning their skeleton is made of cartilage. They are closely related to sharks and have shark-shaped bodies and, hence, are also called flat sharks.
  • The sawfish family has been assessed either ‘Endangered’ or ‘Critically Endangered’ in the International Union for Conservation of Nature Global Red List, considering their threatened status, high extinction risk and observed population decline.

3.Call Swachh Bharat toilets ‘Izzat Ghar’: Centre to states

Source: The Hindu

Every toilet constructed across the country under the Swachh Bharat Mission could now be called ‘Izzat Ghar’, or something equivalent in a local language that means house of dignity, following a directive from the Centre to the states.

  • The Centre has written to all states in this regard, advising Hindi-speaking states to call a toilet an ‘Izzat Ghar’ while urging other states to come up with other terms in the regional languages with the same meaning.
  • This move aims to instils a sense of dignity and pride in the entire family for their toilet, and will also have a positive impact on usage.

SBM:

  • Swachh Bharat Mission was officially launched on 2 October 2014 and is India’s biggest ever cleanliness drive. It aims to eliminate open defecation by 2019.
  • The goal also includes the elimination of open defecation, conversion of insanitary toilets to pour flush toilets, eradicating of manual scavenging and Municipal Solid Waste Management (MSWM).

The components of the programme are:

  • Construction of individual sanitary latrines for households below the poverty line with subsidy (80%) where demand exists.
  • Conversion of dry latrines into low-cost sanitary latrines.
  • Construction of exclusive village sanitary complexes for women providing facilities for hand pumping, bathing, sanitation and washing on a selective basis where there is not adequate land or space within houses and where village panchayats are willing to maintain the facilities.
  • Setting up of sanitary marts.
  • Total sanitation of villages through the construction of drains, soakage pits, solid and liquid waste disposal.
  • Intensive campaign for awareness generation and health education to create a felt need for personal, household and environmental sanitation facilities.



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