17, October 2017

1.INS kiltan

Source: PIB

INS Kiltan (P30), third Anti-Submarine Warfare (ASW) stealth corvettes built under Project 28 (Kamorta Class) was recently commissioned into the Indian Navy.

Key facts:

  • The ship gets her name from old INS Kiltan (P79), a Petya class ASW ship that served the nation for 18 years before being decommissioned in June 1987.
  • It is named after the coral island belonging to the Lakshadweep group of islands.
  • Regarded as a very prestigious acquisition, INS Kiltan is one of the most potent warships to have been constructed in India.
  • More than 80 % of the ship is indigenous with state of the art equipment & systems to fight in Nuclear, Biological and Chemical (NBC) warfare conditions.
  • INS Kiltan is the first major warship with superstructure entirely of composite material.

Main features:

  • The sleek and magnificent ship is propelled by ‘Combination of Diesel and Diesel (CODAD)’ propulsion system of four diesel engines to achieve speeds in excess of 25 knots and has an endurance of around 3,500 Nautical Miles.
  • The ship has enhanced stealth features resulting in a reduced Radar Cross Section (RCS) achieved by X-form of hull and superstructure along with optimally sloped surfaces.
  • The very low under water acoustic signature makes it a ‘silent killer on the prowl’. The ship’s advanced stealth features make her less susceptible to detection by the enemy and help in effective employment of soft kill measure like the Chaff.

2.Govt gears up to implement Rs 1.2 lakh crore universal social security plan for poorest

The government is keen on rolling out this mandatory scheme by next year, ahead of the 2019 general elections

  • This is a part of a bigger scheme that is being planned to benefit all the individuals, who have been divided into three categories.
  1. The first category of people are the poorest 20 percent, who will get a government payout;
  2. The second being those who subscribe on their own and
  3. The formal sector workers who will need to set aside a fixed proportion of what they earn toward the scheme.

What is the need for the scheme

  • India’s total workforce currently stands at 450 million. Though the statistics make it sound that a large fraction of the Indian population is employed, it is rather saddening that only a little over 10 percent are in the organised sector and get to enjoy the basic social security.
  • In fact, among the 10 million people who add on to the workforce every year, most of them don’t receive the minimum wage and lack any kind of social security coverage, the reason being that most them belong to the unorganised sector.

Features of the scheme

  • The scheme which is being planned by the Ministry of Labour and Employment will have two tiers.
  • While the first category will ensure a mandatory pension, a death or disability insurance and maternity coverage, the second category comprises optional medical, sickness and unemployment coverage.
  • Funds collected under the universal social security scheme will be divided into sub-schemes and be ringfenced, meaning the benefits and the contribution will be commensurate.

3.World Food Day

Source: The Hindu

World Food Day is celebrated on October 16 every year to raise awareness on the issues of poverty and hunger.

  • World Food Day was established by Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) in November 1979 and since then the day is celebrated worldwide by many organisations that are concerned with food security.

Theme: “Change the future of migration. Invest in food security.”

Significance of this event:

  • World Food Day is a chance to show our commitment to Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 2 – to achieve Zero Hunger by 2030.
  • It’s also a day for us to celebrate the progress we have already made towards reaching #ZeroHunger.

FAO:

  • The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations is a specialised agency of the United Nations that leads international efforts to defeat hunger. Serving both developed and developing countries, FAO acts as a neutral forum where all nations meet as equals to negotiate agreements and debate policy.
  • FAO is also a source of knowledge and information, and helps developing countries in transition modernize and improve agriculture, forestry and fisheries practices, ensuring good nutrition and food security for all.

4.Boosting horticulture through remote sensing- Project CHAMAN

Source: The Hindu

Union Agriculture Minister has announced March 2018 as the deadline to complete the ambitious project of developing the horticulture sector using remote sensing technology and geo-informatics.

Background:

  • In a bid to develop India’s horticulture sector and help states identify suitable areas and crop types, the agriculture ministry is already working on a project which uses satellites and remote sensing technology. The project is known as CHAMAN.

Project CHAMAN:

  • CHAMAN, or Coordinated Horticulture Assessment and Management using geoinformatics, is being implemented by the Delhi-based Mahalanobis National Crop Forecast Centre and is likely to be completed by March.
  • Under the project, the ministry will use remote sensing and geoinformatics data to integrate information on weather, soil, land-use, and crop mapping to prepare horticulture development plans.
  • The idea is to use space technology to identify crops suitable to different areas and raise production of horticulture crops.
  • The project will help states develop horticulture clusters and related infrastructure like cold chains. It project will also help in accurate forecasting of area and production of seven major crops in about 185 districts across India. These crops are banana, mango, citrus, potato, onion, tomato and chilli.

India’s status and it needs:

  • Driven by consumer demand, farmers across India have rapidly adopted horticulture crops which ensure a quicker cash flow and can be grown in very small plots.
  • In 2016-17, production of horticulture crops like fruits, vegetables and spices touched a record high of 300 million tonnes, outstripping production of foodgrains for the fifth year in a row.
  • Currently, India is the second largest producer of fruits and vegetables in the world, and a top producer of crops like banana, mango and lemons.

5.‘Free movement’ along Myanmar border

Source: The Hindu

The Centre is putting in measures to facilitate free movement of Indian and Myanmarese citizens within 16 km along the Myanmar border.

In this regard, the Home Ministry recently held consultations with four States — Mizoram, Nagaland, Manipur and Arunachal Pradesh — on the Free Movement Regime (FMR).

  • The move comes in the wake of large-scale displacement of Rohingya people from Rakhine State in Myanmar.

Background:

In June, the Ministry had constituted a committee to examine various methods to curb the misuse of free movement along the Myanmar border, a friendly country, with which it shares unfenced borders and unhindered movement of people across the border.

Free movement regime:

  • India has a 1,643-km border with Myanmar and it is unique in many ways as it has a visa-free movement regime for people living within 16 km on either side of the border. “Free movement regime” is a bilateral agreement with Myanmar that allows free movement of Indian and Myanmarese citizens within 16 km of the border
  • They can stay up to 72 hours with effective and valid permits issued by the designated authorities on either side. This regime has been in place keeping in view the traditional social relations among the border people. It helps genuine people living in close proximity of the border.
  • This regime has been in place keeping in view the traditional social relations among the border people. It helps genuine people living in close proximity of the border. However, it is misused by militants and criminals who smuggle weapons, narcotics, contraband goods and Fake Indian Currency Notes (FICN).



Leave a Reply