17, October 2016

1.8th BRICS Summit Goa Declaration

Source: Indian Express

BRICS:

The Leaders of the Federative Republic of Brazil, the Russian Federation, the Republic of India, the People’s Republic of China and the Republic of South Africa, in Goa, India, at the Eighth BRICS Summit, which was held under the theme “Building Responsive, Inclusive and Collective Solutions”.

  • Recalling all our previous declarations, importance of further strengthening BRICS solidarity and cooperation based on further strengthen strategic partnership in the spirit of openness, solidarity, equality, mutual understanding, inclusiveness and mutually beneficial cooperation.
  • Agree that emerging challenges to global peace and security and to sustainable development require further enhancing of our collective efforts.

New Development Bank (NDB)

BRICS countries represent an influential voice on the global stage through our tangible cooperation, which delivers direct benefits to our people.

In this context, with satisfaction the operationalisation of the New Development Bank (NDB) and of the Contingent Reserve Arrangement (CRA), which contributes greatly to the global economy and the strengthening of the international financial architecture.

Appreciation the approval of the first set of loans by the New Development Bank (NDB), particularly in the renewable energy projects in BRICS countries.  satisfaction with NDB’s issuance of the first set of green bonds in RMB(Renminbi).

That the operationalisation of BRICS Contingent Reserve Arrangements (CRA) has strengthened the global financial safety net.

BRICS-BIMSTEC

In order to reach out and enrich engagement with fellow developing and emerging economies, hold a Outreach Summit of BRICS Leaders with the Leaders of BIMSTEC member countries – Bay of Bengal Initiative for Multi-Sectoral Technical and Economic Cooperation comprising of

  1. Five of them are from South AsiaIndia, Bangladesh, Nepal, Bhutan, Sri Lanka — and
  2. two from South East AsiaMyanmar and Thailand.

The meeting will be an opportunity to renew with BIMSTEC countries as well as to jointly explore possibilities of expanding trade and commercial ties ,and investment cooperation between BRICS and BIMSTEC countries, while advancing common goals of peace, development, democracy and prosperity.

VISION:

common vision of democratic, and multi-polar international order based on the central role of the United Nations, and respect for international law as the universal multilateral organisation entrusted with the mandate for maintaining international peace and security, advance global development and to promote and protect human rights.

Reaffirm the need for strengthening coordination of efforts on global issues and practical cooperation in the spirit of solidarity, mutual understanding and trust.

Equity and cooperation, strong commitment to international law and the central role of the United Nations Underline the importance of collective efforts in solving international problems.

 

2.National Summit on Fortification of Food – Ministry of Health and Family Welfare

Source: PIB

SAMPOORNA POSHAN SWASTH JEVAN – an affordable, convenient and effective mechanism to improve the nutrition status of the population

The control of micronutrient deficiencies is an essential part of the overarching effort of the Government to fight hunger and malnutrition in the country.

Strategies:

  • Food fortification is a proven and effective strategy to meet the nutritional needs of a large number of people across various sections of the society, including the poor and underprivileged as well as the vulnerable, such as pregnant women and young children.
  • Fortification requires neither changes in existing food patterns, habits nor individual compliance.
  • It is socio-culturally acceptable and does not alter the characteristics of the food.
  • It can be introduced quickly and can produce nutritional benefits for populations in a short period of time.
  • It is safe and cost effective, especially if advantage is taken of the existing technology and delivery platforms.

Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI) has formulated a comprehensive regulation on fortification of foods namely ‘Food Safety and Standards (Fortification of Foods) Regulations, 2016’. These regulations set the standards for food fortification and encourage the production, manufacture, distribution, sale and consumption of fortified foods.

The regulations also provide for specific role of FSSAI in promotion for food fortification and to make fortification mandatory. This sets the premise for the national summit on fortification of food.

3.Maersk Lines charts new course to Alang for recycling ships

Source: The Hindu

Denmark’s Maersk Line, the world’s largest container shipping company, will send more decommissioned vessels to shipping yards in Alang for recycling at competitive prices and without harming the environment.

Improving standards

The company is working with ship breakers as well as Gujarat Maritime Board (GMB) to improve the standards and working environment at Asia’s biggest ship breaking yard.

Maersk Lines is expected to retire about 30 vessels in a few years with most of them headed here.

4.‘Jaiva Bhavanam’ to promote organic farming

Source: The Hindu   Save Green Agriculture Cooperative Society

‘Jaiva Bhavanam’ is a project of the society that plans to make the availability of organic vegetables in urban households a reality.

5.Health spending: How States splurge on salaries

Source: The Hindu  

Bulk of the total public money spent in State-level healthcare system is not spent on medical services, but goes to wages and salaries of human resource.

Wages and salaries account for 86 per cent of the total public expenditure in Punjab, 72 per cent in Maharashtra, 65 per cent in Kerala, 52.5 per cent in Madhya Pradesh and 35 per cent in Odisha.

However, the per capita ‘total cost of care’ — which includes money spent by patients as well as that spent by the government on paying salaries to staff, for health subsidy etc — is mostly cheaper in the public sector than in the private sector.

A study of State Health Accounts of Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Odisha, Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh and Punjab. Public Health Foundation of India in collaboration with the State governments, studied health accounts for these six States for the year 2013-14.

The findings show important contribution by other sources. For instance, in Maharashtra, 23 per cent of healthcare money comes from local bodies.

For the first time, Health Accounts Estimates have been conducted at the state level in India.

6.Manned mission by China

Source: The Hindu

China successfully launched a spacecraft carrying two astronauts, in its longest-ever manned space mission, who would later join its experimental space lab orbiting the Earth as the country moved a step closer to establish its permanent space station by 2022.

China has successfully launched longest-ever manned mission by taking two astronauts into the orbit. They were launched on board of Shenzhou-11 spacecraft. The spacecraft was put into orbit by a Long March-2F carrier rocket.

Both astronauts will spend a month aboard an experimental space laboratory Tiangong-2.

During the mission, they will conduct aerospace medical experiments, space science experiments and in-orbit maintenance with human participation. They will also undertake ultrasound tests during space travel for the first time and cultivate plants in space.

 

 

 

 



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