14, October 2016

1.Women of India Festival 2016- Ministry of Women and Child Development

Source: PIB

  • Women of India Festival 2016’celebrates and promotes women entrepreneurs from across India.
  • This initiative is a move to benefit women entrepreneurs, and also actively promote organic food and products.
  • The Women of India Festival is intended to highlight the health and environmental advantages of organic goods, provide a platform for women engaged in this economy and encourage the development of sustainable and easily accessible sales outlets for organic producers from remote areas.

2.Environment Ministry Orders Incineration of High GWP HFC -23

Source: PIB

  • Taking the lead on tackling climate change, India has announced that it will eliminate the use of HFC-23, a greenhouse gas that harms the ozone layer, by 2030.
  • The announcement came at a meeting of parties to the Montreal Protocol at Kigali in Rwanda where final negotiations are taking place to substantially reduce the use of HFCs (hydrofluorocarbons) by 2030.
  • The Montreal Protocol, which came into force in 1989, is aimed at reducing the production and consumption of ozone depleting substances in order to protect the earth’s fragile ozone layer.

3.The Nobel Literature Prize, 2016

American singer-songwriter, artist and writer Bob Dylan (75) has won the 2016 Nobel Prize in Literature. He is the first American to win the prize since novelist Toni Morrison in 1993. The Swedish Academy has selected Dylan for this prestigious award for creating new poetic expressions within the great American song tradition.

4.India Stealth frigates, missiles among big-ticket defence deals with Russia

Source: The Hindu

  1. Russia remains one of India’s leading suppliers of advanced weapons and defence technology as ‘India is Russia’s especially privileged strategic partner’
  2. Putin and PM Modi are expected to sign an agreement on the delivery of S-400 ‘Triumph’ anti-missile defence systems and other deals during the BRICS Summit in Goa.
  3. S-400 LRSAM anti-aircraft systems, which is one of the most advanced air defence options available and capable of destroying missiles, drones and incoming fighter jets within a range of 400 km.
  4. Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL) will be the Indian partner for the JV to manufacture the light multipurpose Kamov-226T helicopters. An Indian private defence manufacturer may be involved at a later stage.
  5. Russia has deployed the S-400, its most modern air defence system, for the bombing campaign Syria.
  6. Russia remains in the lead in terms of both direct supplies of most advanced weapons and military equipment and conducting joint researches with India, as well as producing goods for military purposes
  7. The construction of the BrahMos supersonic cruise missile and the development of a new, fifth generation fighter aircraft are among the successful joint projects.
  8. The Kamov helicopter is a new model and the first real ‘Make in India’ project in a way. The same is the case with the stealth frigates.
  9. India will be the second international buyer of the missile system after China.

5.Law Commission Seeks Public Opinion on Uniform Civil Code, Triple Talaq

Source: The Hindu

  • The Law Commission has sought public opinion on the exercise of revising and reforming family laws of all religions in the context of Article 44 of the Constitution
  • To address discrimination against vulnerable groups and harmonise the various cultural practices.
  • Even as it assured the people that the “norms of no one class, group or community will dominate the tone and tenor of family law reforms.”

Constitution says Article 44:

Uniform civil code for the citizens– The State shall endeavour to secure for the citizens a uniform civil code throughout the territory of India

Issues: Marriage, divorce, adoption, guardianship and child custody, maintenance, successions and inheritance; whether the existing personal laws and customary practices need codification; whether codification can ensure gender equality; and whether the UCC should be optional.

The commission hopes to begin a healthy conversation about the viability of a uniform civil code and will focus on family laws of all religions and the diversity of customary practices, to address social injustice rather than plurality of laws

The move asking the law panel to examine the issue assumes significance as the Supreme Court had recently said it would prefer a wider debate, in public as well as in court, before taking a decision on the constitutional validity of triple talaq, which many complain is abused by Muslim men to arbitrarily divorce their wives.

However, a section of Muslim leaders have opposed any move to abolish triple talaq and other personal laws.

6.SC says jails are overcrowded by 150 %, laments plight of inmates

SOURCE: The Hindu

Blaming Delhi for paying little or no attention to the fundamental rights of under trials and convicts.

SC judgment on a suo motu PIL on conditions of inmates in Indian prisons. Supreme court says It is not only tragic but also pathetic to find that prisons in the national capital, along with half a dozen States across the country, are overcrowded by over 150%.

No action taken:

The court found that authorities have defied repeated orders of SC- the latest ones being on February 7 and May 5 of this year- to draw a viable plan of action to de-congest jails.

Instead, prison authorities have banked on ad hoc proposals like the construction of additional barracks or jails, and these proposals have no time limits for implementation

Also, the Ministry of Women and Child Development is yet to frame a Manual for Juveniles in Custody under the recently amended Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act, 2015.

Distressing to begin manage:

The Supreme Court directed the Ministry to get the manual ready by November 30 and present it in court. It also ordered the Ministry of Home Affairs to receive and collate plans of action for de-congesting jails from the various States and Union Territories in the next six months.

Moreover, the SC directed the government to prepare a viable Plan of Action within the next six months and hand it over to the apex court by March 31, 2017.

7.Cabinet approves revision of ethanol price for supply to Public Sector Oil Marketing Companies

Source: PIB

Ethanol price – Oil Marketing Companies

The Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs, chaired by the Prime Minister, has approved the mechanism for revision of ethanol price for supply to Public Sector Oil Marketing Companies (OMCs) to carry out the Ethanol Blended Petrol (EBP) Programme.

Ethanol Blended Petrol (EBP) Programme was launched by the Government in 2003 which has been extended to the Notified 21 States and 4 Union Territories to promote the use of alternative and environment friendly fuels and also to reduce the import burden on account of crude petroleum from which petrol is produced.

8.Union Textiles Minister to inaugurate India International Silk Fair

SOURCE: PIB

The flagship event of the Indian Silk Export Promotion Council, the 5th edition of India International Silk Fair, will be inaugurated by the Union Textiles Minister.

The Union Textiles Minister has lauded the efforts of the Indian Silk Export Promotion Council in organizing such a product-specific exhibition,  that provides an opportunity to small and medium entrepreneurs in showcasing their unique products to visiting overseas buyers.

The Indian Silk Industry is very important, being rural and agriculture-based, providing livelihood to around 7 million people in the country.

India is the second largest producer of silk in the world. While silk production in all other silk-producing countries is in decline, the silk production in India has consistently been on a rise.                           

India is the only country in the world which produces all major varieties of silk, namely, Mulberry, Tasar, Eri and Muga.

9.Inaugurates First BRICS Trade Fair

SOURCE: PIB

BRICS has already identified the basic principles for enhancing the trade and investment relations, as reflected in the theme of India’s BRICS chairmanship- ‘Building Responsive, Inclusive and Collective Solutions’

 To achieve this objective BRICS would need to;

  1. Create a business-friendly environment for investors and entrepreneurs,
  2. Foster the liberalisation of trade in Services, especially in promoting movement of people,
  3. Support value addition,
  4. Promote information exchange and
  5. Increase the trade in each other’s currency.

Trade Fair is an excellent opportunity for encouraging intra-BRICS synergies adding that the identification of specific cooperation areas – innovation, technology, energy, infrastructure and agri-business – spanning trade in goods and services, as well as the participation of investment promotion agencies, will reap rich dividends.

welcome the participation of companies from the BIMSTEC region. The role of FICCI(Federation of Indian Chambers of Commerce & Industry) in organizing this Trade Fair, with the active support of other apex chambers including CII, ASSOCHAM, other export promotion councils, development authorities and industry associations.

FICCI:

Established in 1927, FICCI is the largest and oldest apex business organisation in India.

Its history is closely interwoven with India’s struggle for independence, its industrialization, and its emergence as one of the most rapidly growing global economies. FICCI has contributed to this historical process by encouraging debate, articulating the private sector’s views and influencing policy.

A non-government, not-for-profit organisation, FICCI is the voice of India’s business and industry.

FICCI draws its membership from the corporate sector, both private and public, including SMEs and MNCs; FICCI enjoys an indirect membership of over 2,50,000 companies from various regional chambers of commerce.

CII

The Confederation of Indian Industry (CII) works to create and sustain an environment conducive to the development of India, partnering industry, Government, and civil society, through advisory and consultative processes. CII is a reference point for Indian industry and the international business community.

CII is a non-government, not-for-profit, industry-led and industry-managed organization, playing a proactive role in India’s development process. Founded in 1895, India’s premier business association has over 8000 members, from the private as well as public sectors, including SMEs and MNCs.

Extending its agenda beyond business, CII assists industry to identify and execute corporate citizenship programmes. Partnerships with civil society organizations initiatives for integrated and inclusive development including affirmative action, healthcare, education, livelihood, diversity management, skill development, empowerment of women, and water, to name a few.

The CII theme for 2016-17, Building National Competitiveness, emphasizes Industry’s role in partnering Government to accelerate competitiveness across sectors, with sustained global competitiveness as the goal. The focus is on six key enablers: Human Development; Corporate Integrity and Good Citizenship; Ease of Doing Business; Innovation and Technical Capability; Sustainability; and Integration with the World.

ASSOCHAM: The Knowledge Architect Of Corporate India

ASSOCHAM initiated its endeavour of value creation for Indian industry in 1920. Having in its fold more than 400 Chambers and Trade Associations.

It has witnessed upswings as well as upheavals of Indian Economy, and contributed significantly by playing a catalytic role in shaping up the Trade, Commerce and Industrial environment of the country.

Today, ASSOCHAM has emerged as the fountainhead of Knowledge for Indian industry dynamics of growth and development in the technology driven cyber age of ‘Knowledge Based Economy’.



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