10, February 2018

Inauguration of Integrated Automatic Aviation Meteorological Systems (IAAMS) At INS Garuda

  • ‘Integrated Automatic Aviation Meteorological System (IAAMS)’ at INS Garuda on 09 February 2018. INS Garuda is the fourth air station to have been installed with this integrated system. IAAMS is an ambitious project of the Indian Navy to modernise the Meteorological infrastructure of the nine Naval Air Stations. The IAAMS project at INS Garuda will give a major fillip to aviation safety through automation of weather monitoring process.

Hunar Haat

  • “Hunar Haat” providing domestic and international exposure to master craftsmen
  • Hunar Haat”, are being organised by the Minority Affairs Ministry to provide an opportunity, as well as domestic and international exposure to the master artisans from across the country.
  • “Hunar Haat”, being organised across the country have become a “credible brand” to fulfil
  • “Hunar Haat” have been proved to be an effective mission to provide market & opportunities to talent of master artisans and craftsmen from across the nation.

  1. Insolvency Law Committee is constituted to address concerns raised by IBC

Source: PIB

Ministry has constituted Insolvency Law Committee (ILC) vide order a view to examine the suggestions received regarding provisions of Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code, 2016 (Code).

Key afacts:

  • The ILC shall take stock of the functioning and implementation of the Code, identity the issues that may impact the efficiency of the Corporate Insolvency resolution and liquidation framework prescribed under the Code and make suitable recommendations to address such issues, with a view to enhance efficiency of the processes prescribed and for effective implementation of the Code.
  • 524 cases have been admitted for resolution by various benches of National Company Law Tribunal.

Concern:

  • Further, RBI has apprised that it issued directions to certain banks for referring 12 accounts, with outstanding amount greater than Rs.5,000 crore and with 60% or more classified as non-performing as on 31.03.16, to initiate the insolvency resolution process under IBC.
  • These 12 accounts constituted about 25% of the gross NPAs of the banking system. In addition, RBI also issued directions to resolve certain other accounts within six months, failing which insolvency proceedings under IBC will need to be initiated.
  • One of the biggest worries under IBC is the concern for home buyers and it is is under examination by the ILC.

Other Concern:

  • The other major concern is related to allowing promoters to bid for a companies or an asset that is being sought to be released is addressed by the IBC (Amendment) Act 2018, by which the IBC was amended to further strengthen the insolvency resolution process by prohibiting certain persons from submitting a resolution plan who, on account of their antecedents, may adversely impact the credibility of the processes under the Code and further make provisions to specify certain additional requirements for submission and consideration of the resolution plan before its approval by committee of creditors.

  1. National Nutrition Mission to improve the nutritional indicators of women and children

Source: PIB

Government is implementing several schemes and programs like Anganwadi Services, Scheme for Adolescent Girls and Pradhan Mantri Matru Vandana Yojna under the Umbrella Integrated Child Development Services Scheme as direct targeted interventions to address the problem of malnutrition in the country.

Key facts:

  • All these schemes address one or other aspects related to nutrition and have the potential to improve nutritional outcomes in the country.
  • Malnutrition is not a direct cause of death but contributes to mortality and morbidity by reducing resistance to infections.
  • There are a number of causes of death of children such as prematurity, low birth weight, pneumonia, diarrhoeal diseases, non-communicable diseases, birth asphyxia & birth trauma, injuries, congenital anomalies, acute bacterial sepsis and severe infections, etc.

Significance:

  • Apart from the existing schemes aimed at reduction in the levels of malnutrition among women and child, recently, the Government has set up National Nutrition Mission (NNM) for improving the nutritional indicators of children and pregnant women and lactating mothers.
  • The Mission aims to prevent and reduce prevalence of stunting among children (0-6 years) in the country by 6%, undernutrition (underweight) prevalence among children (0-6 years) by 6%, prevalence of anaemia among children (6-59 m) by 9%, prevalence of anaemia among women (15-49 years) by 9% and reduction in prevalence of low birth weight by 6%.
  • The Goals set under the mission will be achieved by ensuring convergence with various programmes; incentivizing States/ UTs; IT enabled Real Time Monitoring (ICT-RTM) by using Smart Phones and Tablets; Evaluation; Community mobilisation awareness advocacy; IEC, Online Course on Nutrition for Children, Nutrition message from folk songs and songs on WASH, and strengthening human resource, etc.

  1. Swadhar Greh Scheme

Source: PIB

Recently released government data shows that there are 559 Swadhar Greh presently functional in the country with 17231 beneficiaries.

Swadhar Greh Scheme:

  • The Swadhar scheme was launched by the Union Ministry of Women and Child Development in 2002 for rehabilitation of women in difficult circumstances. The scheme provides shelter, food, clothing and care to the marginalized women/girls who are in need.
  • The beneficiaries include widows deserted by their families and relatives, women prisoners released from jail and without family support, women survivors of natural disasters, women victims of terrorist/extremist violence etc.
  • The implementing agencies are mainly NGOs. An Evaluation Study conducted through Centre for Market Research and Social Development to assess the performance of the scheme observed that the scheme is successful for which it was formulated/implemented.

 Way ahead:

  • Women and girls represent half of the world’s population — but inspite of the progress that has been made in bettering their lives, the road ahead remains long.
  • As the famous saying goes, “Women’s rights are human rights.” Women are equal members of society and have a right to live free from violence and discrimination, to be educated, own property, vote and fully participate in economic activities.
  • When women have full access to their rights, all of society prospers. Experts claim that female empowerment and gender equality are two of the most effective ways for the global community to achieve every one of the 17 Sustainable Development Goals.

  1. ASH TRACK Mobile App

Source: PIB

The government has launched a Web based monitoring System and a Fly Ash mobile application named ASH TRACK.

These platforms will enable better management of the ash produced by thermal power plants by providing an interface between fly ash producers (Thermal Power Plants) and potential ash users such as – road contractors, cement plants etc.

The App:

  • The ASH TRACK App would be managing 200 million tonnes of fly ash by tracking coal based power plants situated within 100 km and 300 km from given location and availability of fly ash, along with prospective users within the same radius. The App gives plant-wise, utility-wise and State-wise ash utilization status in the country.
  • The thermal plants would regularly update fly ash generation, utilization and stock on the web portal and the app. This would allow effective monitoring and reviewing for increasing ash utilization. This would also help in protecting environment in terms of reduction in fugitive emissions, saving of precious top soil and conservation of land for sustainable development.

Way ahead:

  • Fly ash, the end product of combustion during the process of power generation in the coal based thermal power plants, is a proven resource material for many applications of construction industries and currently is being utilized in manufacturing of Portland Cement, bricks/blocks/tiles manufacturing, road embankment construction and low lying area development, etc.
  • At present, 63% of the fly ash is being utilised and target is for 100% utilisation of the fly ash. There is need for education and awareness generation. Road contractors and construction engineers need to know the benefits of using fly ash in construction. Measures need to be taken to reduce the cost of construction of roads using fly ash by way of tax structure, subsidies and transportation services. Besides, there is a need to prevent the ash from coming to the power plant by washing the coal at its place of origin. The government should also come out with a policy to encourage fly ash use in cement plant.

  1. “Healthy States, Progressive India” Report

Source: PIB

NITI Aayog has released a comprehensive Health Index report titled, “Healthy States, Progressive India”.

Key facts:

  • The report has been developed by NITI Aayog, with technical assistance from the World Bank, and in consultation with the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare (MoHFW).
  • The report ranks states and Union territories innovatively on their year-on-year incremental change in health outcomes, as well as, their overall performance with respect to each other. It is the first attempt to establish an annual systematic tool to measure and understand the heterogeneity and complexity of the nation’s performance in Health.

Background:

  • States and UTs have been ranked in three categories namely, Larger States, Smaller States, and Union Territories (UTs), to ensure comparison among similar entities. The Health Index is a weighted composite Index, which for the larger States, is based on indicators in three domains: (a) Health Outcomes (70%); (b) Governance and Information (12%); and (c) Key Inputs and Processes (18%), with each domain assigned a weight based on its importance.
  • Health Index has been developed as a tool to leverage co-operative and competitive federalism to accelerate the pace of achieving health outcomes. It would also serve as an instrument for “nudging” States & Union Territories (UTs) and the Central Ministries to a much greater focus on output and outcome based measurement of annual performance than is currently the practice. With the annual publication of the Index and its availability on public domain on a dynamic basis, it is expected to keep every stakeholder alert to the achievement of Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) Goal number 3.

Performance of states:

  • Among the Larger States, Kerala, Punjab, and Tamil Nadu ranked on top in terms of overall performance, while Jharkhand, Jammu & Kashmir, and Uttar Pradesh are the top three ranking States in terms of annual incremental performance.
  • Among Smaller States, Mizoram ranked first followed by Manipur on overall performance, while Manipur followed by Goa were the top ranked States in terms of annual incremental performance.
  • The Health Index report notes that while States and UTs that start at lower levels of development are generally at an advantage in notching up incremental progress over States with high Health Index scores, it is a challenge for States with high Index scores to even maintain their performance levels.

Way ahead:

  • The incremental measurement reveals that about one-third of the States have registered a decline in their performance in 2016 as compared to 2015, stressing the need to pursue domain-specific, targeted interventions. Common challenges for most States and UTs include the need to focus on addressing vacancies in key staff, establishment of functional district Cardiac Care Units (CCUs), quality accreditation of public health facilities and institutionalization of Human Resources Management Information System (HRMIS). Additionally, almost all Larger States need to focus on improving the Sex Ratio at Birth (SRB).



Leave a Reply