07, April 2018

Mahila Shakti Kendra Scheme to empower rural women through State and District Centres

  • Government of India has approved a new scheme namely Mahila Shakti Kendra for 2017-18 upto 2019-20 to empower rural women through community participation.
  • The scheme is envisaged to work at various levels, and at the National level (domain based knowledge support) and State level (State Resource Centre for Women) technical support to the respective governments on issues related to women is provided. 

Exercise Gaganshakti 2018

  • Indian Air Force (IAF) is going to conduct Exercise Gaganshakti 2018, biggest air combat exercise along Pakistan, China borders between April 10 to 23 2018.
  • The aim of this exercise is real time coordination, deployment and employment of air power in short and intense battle scenario. Though it is IAF centric exercise, it will also be executed keeping in mind “Joint Operational Doctrine” so that requirements of other services are also met.

  1. POSHAN Abhiyaan (National Nutrition Mission)

Source: PIB

  • POSHAN Abhiyaan under Innovation component, envisages undertaking activities to be implemented intended to improve the service delivery system, capacity building of front line functionaries and community engagement for better nutritional outcomes.
  • The successful pilots may be taken up later-on for scaling up in similar contextual specificities on a broader platform.
  • An Executive Committee has been set up under the Chairpersonship of Secretary, Ministry of Women & Child Development to provide policy support and guidance to States/ UTs under POSHAN Abhiyaan from time to time.
  • A National Council on India’s Nutrition Challenges has also been set up under the Chairpersonship of Vice Chairman, NITI Aayog for policy direction, review, effective coordination and convergence between Ministries which have a sectoral responsibilty for the challenge of nutrition.

  1. Swadhar Greh Scheme

Source: PIB

The Ministry of Women and Child Development is implementing the Swadhar Greh Scheme which targets the women victims of difficult circumstances who are in need of institutional support for rehabilitation so that they could lead their life with dignity.

  • The Scheme envisages providing shelter, food, clothing and health as well as economic and social security for these women.

As per guidelines of the Swadhar Greh Scheme, to seek financial assistance the agency should meet following requirements:

  • The agency should be either recognized by State/UT under existing law or should be well known with the experience or working in the field for at least 3 years and its work should be reported satisfactory by the State Govt./UT Administration concerned.
  • It should ordinarily have been engaged in the field of women’s welfare/social welfare for a minimum period of two years
  • Its financial position should be sound
  • It should have facilities, resources, experience and personnel to undertake the management of such project
  • It should run Swadhar Greh on a no-profit basis and
  • It should have facilities like computers, internet connection etc at Swadhar Greh.

Adminstrations:

  • The State Governments/UT Administration invite applications from eligible organizations and the proposals which fulfil the norms are placed before a Project Sanctioning Committee (PSC) chaired by Secretary(WCD) of the State/UT concerned and comprising representatives from the Finance and Labour Department of the State/UT in addition to any other representative as the State Government/UT administration may decide.
  • The State Governments/UT Administrations assess the number of new projects required in the State/UT and communicate to the Ministry of Women and Child Development, Government of India, along with the justification by 30th September of every year.
  • Subject to availability of resources, the central Government communicates number of projects those can be approved and make necessary provision in the budget of subsequent financial year.
  • Swadhar Greh is a DBT compliant scheme. Gazette Notification has been issued and the same has been forwarded to the State Governments/UT Administrations with the request to furnish the data of beneficiaries.

  1. Pradhan Mantri Matru Vandana Yojana (PMMVY)

Source: PIB

The Government of India has approved Pan-India implementation of PMMVY in all districts of the country from 01.01.2017 under which the eligible beneficiaries get Rs. 5,000/- under PMMVY and the remaining cash incentive as per approved norms towards Maternity Benefit under Janani Suraksha Yojana (JSY) after institutional delivery so that on an average, a woman gets Rs. 6000/-.s:

Key facts

  • The maternity benefits under Pradhan Mantri Matru Vandana Yojana (PMMVY) are available to all Pregnant Women & Lactating Mothers (PW&LM) except those in regular employment with the Central Government or State Government or Public Sector Undertaking or those who are in receipt of similar benefits under any law for the time being in force, for first living child of the family as normally, the first pregnancy of a woman exposes her to new kind of challenges and stress factors.

The objectives of the scheme are:

  • Providing partial compensation for the wage loss in terms of cash incentives so that the woman can take adequate rest before and after delivery of the first living child; and
  • The cash incentives provided would lead to improved health seeking behaviour amongst the Pregnant Women and Lactating Mothers.

  1. Ministry of Tribal Affairs to launch first ever “Van Dhan Vikas Kendra” at Bijapur, Chhattisgarh for value addition of Forest Produce

Source: PIB

Minor Forest Produce (MFP) is a major source of livelihood for tribals living in forest areas. 

  • The importance of MFPs for this section of the society can be gauged from the fact that around 100 million forest dwellers depend on MFPs for food, shelter, medicines and cash income. It provides them critical subsistence during the lean seasons, particularly for primitive tribal groups such as hunter gatherers, and the landless.
  • Tribals derive 20-40% of their annual income from MFP on which they spend major portion of their time. This activity has strong linkage to women’s financial empowerment as most of the MFPs are collected and used/sold by women. MFP sector has the potential to create about 10 million workdays annually in the country.

Key facts:

  • Ministry of Tribal Affairs has taken a number of initiatives for socio economic development of tribals like introduction Forest rights Act, PESA Act and has been implementing schemes for development of MFP by providing financial support to State TDCCs and TRIFED for market development of MFPs.
  • Recognizing the critical importance which MFP hold for tribals and its potential to create large scale employment opportunity thereby, helping in reducing poverty and increasing empowerment of tribals particularly women and poor people of the poorest and backward districts of the country, Govt. of India has introduced an ambitious scheme of “Mechanism for marketing of Minor Forest Produce (MFP) through Minimum Support price (MSP) and development of Value chain for MFP.

Objective:

  • The scheme was started with the objective of providing fair price to MFP gatherers, enhance their income level and ensure sustainable harvesting of MFPs.
  • The MSP scheme seeks to establish a framework to ensure fair prices for the produce collected by them, assurance of buying at a particular price, primary processing, storage, transportation etc while ensuring sustainability of the resource base.
  • It is a holistic scheme for development of MFP trade and covers 24 MFPs.

Van Dhan Vikas Kendra

  • The Ministry of Tribal affairs has approved establishment of the first multipurpose “Van Dhan Vikas Kendra” on pilot basis for establishment in Bijapur  District of Chhattisgarh State for providing skill upgradation and capacity building training and setting up of primary processing and value addition facility.
  • This first model Van Dhan Vikas Kendra is being implemented for training of 300 beneficiaries with a total outlay of Rs 43.38 lakhs for training, providing equipments & tools for primary level processing and infrastructure & building for housing the Kendra.
  • This Kendra to start with will have processing facility for Tamarind brick making, Mahua flower storage facility and chironjee cleaning and packaging.

  1. Functions of National Anti-profiteering Authority (NAA) from Competition Commission of India (CCI) and the Central Board of Excise and Customs (CBEC)

Source: PIB

The National Anti-profiteering Authority (NAA) has been constituted under section 171 of the Central Goods and Services Tax Act, 2017 read with Chapter XV of the Central Goods and Services Tax Rules, 2017 (CGST Rules for short) to determine whether the reduction in tax rates or benefit of input tax credit is being passed on to the recipient by way of commensurate reduction in prices.

As per rule 137 of the CGST Rules, the Authority shall cease to exist after the expiry of two years from the date on which the Chairman enters upon his office unless the Council recommends otherwise.

Whereas, the Competition Commission of India (CCI) eliminates practices having adverse effect on competition to promote and sustain competition to protect the interest of the consumers and to ensure freedom of trade.

The Central Board of Excise and Customs (CBEC) (now rechristened Central Board of Indirect Taxes and Customs- CBIC) deals with the task of formulation of policy and laws and implementing the same on the levy and collection of the following duties/taxes:

  1. Customs duties;
  2. Central excise duties on certain items;
  3. Central tax on intra-State supplies of goods and services and
  4. Integrated tax on inter-State supply of goods and services
  5. Narcotics

  1. Govt. bans imports of hormone oxytocin

Source: The Hindu

  • The Union government banned imports of the hormone oxytocin to stop its misuse in the livestock industry, where activists say it causes hormonal imbalances and shortens the lives of milch animals.
  • Often called the ‘love hormone’, oxytocin is released naturally in human bonding activities such as sex, childbirth and breastfeeding.
  • The government also asked customs officials to step up vigilance against those likely to try and smuggle oxytocin into India, the Central Board of Excise and Customs said in a notice on its website.

Misuse

  • It is a controversial hormonal injection that is used widely in the dairy industry, agriculture and horticulture. The drug’s abuse in animals shortens their lives and makes them barren sooner. Even its misuse is reported among trafficked children, injected to accelerate puberty among girls. It is also being misused to speed up deliveries for pregnant women in overcrowded government hospitals.

 

 

7. RH300 sounding rocket to be launched

Source: The Hindu

The RH300 sounding rocket, developed by Vikram Sarabhai Space Centre (VSSC) as part of a study to enrich available atmospheric data, would be launched from Thumba Equatorial Rocket Launching Station (TERLS)

Key facts

  • The rocket was launched by VSSC under Sounding Rocket Experiment (SOUREX) programme for atmospheric studies. It utilises this rocket to studies. It utilises this rocket to study Equatorial E and lower ionosphere regions of atmosphere. The study will enrich available atmospheric data and refine models used for tropical weather prediction.
  • The objective of experiment is to measure neutral wind in dynamo region (80-120 km) of equatorial ionosphere using indigenously developed Electron Density and Neutral Wind Probe (ENWi).
  • It will also perform cross-validation using an independent Tri Methyl Aluminium (TMA) release technique.

  1. eWay Bill

Under GST, transporters should carry an eWay Bill when moving goods from one place to another when certain conditions are satisfied

    1. Inter-state implementation of e-way bill is notified to be implemented from 1st April 2018.
    2. As per the 26th GST Council Meet held on 10th Mar 2018, Intra-state implementation of Eway Bill to kick-off from 15th April 2018* in a phased manner. States to be divided into 4 lots to execute this phased rollout. (Will come into effect once notified by CBEC)

What is an eWay Bill?

  • EWay Bill is an electronic way bill for movement of goods which can be generated on the eWay Bill Portal. Transport of goods of more than Rs. 50,000 (Single Invoice/bill/delivery challan) in value in a vehicle cannot be made by a registered person without an eway bill.
  • Alternatively, Eway bill can also be generated or cancelled through SMS, Android App and by Site-to-Site Integration(through API).
  • When an eway bill is generated a unique eway bill number (EBN) is allocated and is available to the supplier, recipient, and the transporter.

When Should eWay Bill be issued?

eWay bill will be generated when there is a movement of goods in a vehicle/ conveyance of value more than Rs. 50,000( either each Invoice or in (aggregate of all Invoices in a vehicle/ Conveyance)# )  –

  • In relation to a ‘supply’
  • For reasons other than a ‘supply’ ( say a return)
  • Due to inward ‘supply’ from an unregistered person

For this purpose, a supply may be either of the following:

A supply made for a consideration (payment) in the course of business

A supply made for a consideration (payment) which may not be in the course of business

A supply without consideration (without payment)In simpler terms,  the term ‘supply’ usually means a:

  1. Sale – sale of goods and payment made
  2. Transfer – branch transfers for instance
  3. Barter/Exchange – where the payment is by goods instead of in money

The transporters need not generate the Eway bill (as Form EWB-01 or EWB-02) where all the consignments in the conveyance :

  1. Individually(single Document) is less than or equal to Rs 50,000 BUT
  2. In Aggregate (all documents put together) exceeds Rs 50,000

Who should Generate an eWay Bill?

  1. Registered Person – Eway bill must be generated when there is a movement of goods of more than Rs 50,000 in value to or from a Registered Person. A Registered person or the transporter may choose to generate and carry eway bill even if the value of goods is less than Rs 50,000.
  2. Unregistered Persons – Unregistered persons are also required to generate e-Way Bill. However, where a supply is made by an unregistered person to a registered person, the receiver will have to ensure all the compliances are met as if they were the supplier.
  3. Transporter – Transporters carrying goods by road, air, rail, etc. also need to generate e-Way Bill if the supplier has not generated an e-Way Bill.

Status of Implementation across India

  1. Inter-state implementation of e-way bill is notified to be implemented from 1st April 2018.
  2. As per the 26th GST Council Meet held on 10th Mar 2018, Intra-state implementation of Eway Bill to kick-off from 15th April 2018* in a phased manner. States to be divided into 4 lots to execute this phased rollout. (Will come into effect once notified by CBEC)

How to generate eWay Bill

  • E-Way Bill can be generated on the e-Way Bill Portal. All you need is a Portal login. For a detailed step-by-step guide on e-Way Bill Generation check out our article – Guide to generate e-Way Bill online.



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