07, April 2017

Review of Anti-Pollution campaign of Major Rivers

Source: PIB

Central Water Commission (CWC) is monitoring water quality of river at 429 key locations covering 67 main rivers including Ganga, 138 tributaries and 55 sub-tributaries.

CWC has published a report based on analysis of data for nine parameters viz. Arsenic, Cadmium, Chromium, Copper, Iron, Lead, Mercury, Nickel and Zinc.

1.Geo-tagging of agriculture assets created under Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojna (RKVY)

Source: PIB

Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana (RKVY) works for the development of Agriculture & allied sectors

  • More than 1.5 lakh infrastructure/assets develop under the scheme in horticulture, fisheries, dairy and livestock breeding.
  • Centre committed to transparency in governance and the initiative to list infrastructure/assets with the help of technology
  • Farmers to be able to utilise pesticide/residue testing labs, storage infrastructure and market-related information on time
  • It is imperative to formulate a national index of the assets to understand them, systemize them and to reduce the gap between demand and supply.
  • The space technology needs to be developed in the areas such as land resource mapping, pesticides management, soil health mapping, crop yield estimation as well as the identification and assessment of floods like calamities, inland fisheries, animal species identification and sheep rearing and when the technology is developed, the farmers can enjoy quick and instant benefits.
  • Farmers would utilise the internet and mobile phones to obtain agriculture related information such as fertility of soil, the quantity of fertiliser to be used, condition for sowing potential pests aggression, estimation of yield, godowns, cold storage, agriculture markets as well as identification and availabilities of animal species.

2.Development Activities along Ganga River

Source: PIB

The government has notified River Ganga (Rejuvenation, Protection and Management) Authorities Order, 2016.

Under the order, the government has constituted National Council for Rejuvenation, Protection and Management of River Ganga (referred to as National Ganga Council), under the provisions of the Environment (Protection) Act, 1986.

As per para 42 of the notification, prior approval from National Mission for Clean Ganga is required for following matters, relating to river Ganga and any area abutting river Ganga or its tributaries, if required to implement the decision of National Ganga Council.

  1. Engineered diversion and storage of water in River Ganga without affecting the flow of water downstream of the River Ganga;
  2. Construction of bridges and associated roads and embankments over the River Ganga or at its River Bank or its flood plain area;
  3. Construction of Ghats or extension of any existing Ghat;
  4. Construction of jetties;
  5. Construction of permanent hydraulic structures for storage or diversion or control of waters or channelisation of River Ganga or its tributaries;
  6. Deforestation of hill slopes and notified forest and other eco-sensitive areas.
  7. The catchment area of river basin and its water shed has been demarcated and made available in the River Basin Atlas, 2012 and is also available in public domain in Ganga Bhuvan portal.

3.Outlines of PMKSY

Source: PIB

Main suggestions of NITI Aayog as given in Road map of Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchaayee Yojana  (PMKSY) forwarded in January, 2017 are as under:

  • Timely completion of 99 priority projects including their CADWM work.
  • Formulation of a scheme for bridging the gap between irrigation potential created and irrigation potential utilized.
  • Minor irrigation schemes to be taken on priority in states getting less benefit with priority projects under Accelerated Irrigation Benefits Programme (AIBP) and Command Area Development & Water Management (CADWM).
  • Repair, Renovation and Restoration (RRR) of existing water bodies should be given very high priority for water management particularly in drought-prone areas.
  • Covering additional area under Micro Irrigation.
  • Completion of all the sanctioned 8,214 projects under Watershed Development component of PMKSY.
  • Regular monitoring of works under PMKSY at the district level, the State level and the National level. On-line monitoring mechanism required.
  • Assets created in the irrigation sector needs to be maintained properly for ensuring continuous benefits from the projects.
  • Active participation of the farmers, through Panchayati Raj Institutions or Water User Associations (WUAs), may be encouraged for operation and maintenance of irrigation projects.
  • An area of 28.61 la. ha. is proposed to be irrigated during 2017-18, under PMKSY.

 A budget allocation of 6872.22 cr. has been made for different components of the scheme.

In addition, funds are regularly released to States as per requirements through NABARD based upon the proposals received from the States and their eligibility as per the guidelines of the schemes.

4.Steps to Strengthen and Modernize Powerloom Sector

Source: PIB

In order to strengthen and modernize the Powerloom Sector, Government has launched PowerTex India, a Comprehensive Scheme for Powerloom Sector Development.

Key facts:

  • Under the scheme there are several interventions.
  • Under In-situ upgradation of plain powerloom scheme the subsidy amount has been enhanced from Rs. 15,000/- to Rs. 20,000(GEN- 50%), Rs. 30,000 (SC -75%), Rs 36,000 (ST-90%) – per loom;
  • Under Group Workshed Scheme the GOI assistance for construction of workshed has been enhanced  from Rs. 300/- to Rs.400/- per sqft; and
  • Under Yarn Bank component, the government share of Corpus limit has been enhanced from Rs.1.00 crore to Rs.2.00 crores per project.

Two new components namely

  1. (PMCS)Pradhan Credit Scheme: Pradhan Mantri Mudra Scheme, under which Margin Money Subsidy and Interest Subvention are provided to the decentralised power loom units; and
  2. (SEC)Solar Energy Scheme under which financial assistance is provided to the tune of 50%, 75% and 90% to the Gen, SC/ST category workers respectively; have been introduced.

State Governments have been requested to provide additional benefits to powerloom units in their States in addition to the subsidy /benefits given by Govt. of India.

The details of additional subsidy provided by Govt. of Maharashtra, Telengana, Bihar and Karnataka under In-situ upgradation scheme.

The comprehensive scheme has the following components:

  • In-situ Upgradation of Plain Powerlooms
  • Group Workshed Scheme (GWS)
  • Yarn Bank Scheme
  • Common Facility Centre (CFC)
  • Pradhan Mantri Credit Scheme for Powerloom Weavers
  • Solar Energy Scheme for Powerlooms
  • Facilitation, IT, Awareness, Market Development and Publicity for Powerloom Schemes
  • Tex Venture Capital Fund
  • Grant-in-Aid and Modernisation & Upgradation of Powerloom Service Centres (PSCs)

5.Maintenance of Registered Under Various Labour Laws and Rules Made Easy

Source: PIB

The Ministry of Labour & Employment has notified “Ease of Compliance to maintain Registers under various Labour Laws Rules, 2017 which has in effect replaced the 56 Registers/Forms prescribed under 9 Central Laws and Rules made there under into 5 common Registers/Forms.

Such exercise has reduced the number of data fields from about 933 to about 144. This will save efforts, costs and lessen the compliance burden by various establishments.

Key facts:

  • Reforms in labour laws are an ongoing process to update legislative system to address the need of the hour and to make them more effective and contemporary to the emerging economic and industrial scenario.
  • The Second National Commission on Labour has recommended that the existing Labour Laws should be broadly grouped into four or five Labour Codes on functional basis.
  • Accordingly, the Ministry has taken steps for drafting four Labour Codes on Wages; Industrial Relations; Social Security & Welfare; and Safety and Working Conditions respectively, by simplifying, amalgamating and rationalizing the relevant provisions of the existing Central Labour Laws. Further, amendments in individual Labour Act viz.
  • Child Labour (Prohibition and Regulation) Act 1986, Payment of Wages Act 1936, Payment of Bonus Act 1965, Maternity Benefit Act 1961 have also been carried out.
  • These legislative initiatives will improve the wage security, job security and social security of the workers.

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