06, November 2016

1.World Tsunami Awareness Day

Source: PIB

First Word Tsunami Awareness Day November 5

The theme of the tsunami day is “Live to Tell”, creating a link back to the 13 October International Day for Disaster Reduction which focussed on reducing disaster mortality, and the focus is on promoting effective education and evacuation drills.

Keyfacts:

Tsunamis, though infrequent, are significant natural hazards that can cause great destruction and loss of life within minutes on shores near and far.

Tsunamis are disasters that threaten coasts and beaches all over the world. Scientists agree that about ten major tsunamis occur every century.

 Basing on historical data, about 76% of the world’s major tsunamis have occurred in the Pacific Ocean and its marginal seas, 10% in the Mediterranean Sea, 11% in the Atlantic Ocean, and 3% in the Indian Ocean.

In less active geological oceans like the Atlantic, Indian or Mediterranean oceans tsunamis can cause significant damage and death toll. In recent history, Japan is the most frequent sufferer of tsunami in Asian region.

While Japan may have the longest recorded history and high frequency of tsunami occurrence, the Indian Ocean tsunami of December 2004, caused due to the great Sumatra earthquake of magnitude 9.1, was the most devastating tsunami ever, causing unprecedented loss of life and damage to property in the Indian Ocean rim countries.

Disaster Management Act 2005:

The Disaster Management Act enacted in 2005 has provided a legislative framework in National, State and District levels for effective disaster management including every facet of preparedness, response, capacity building and mitigation.

India has become one of the first countries to frame the National Disaster Management Plan 2016 in line with goals of Sendai Framework.

The Government of India has set up Indian National Centre for Oceanic Information Services (INCOIS) for dealing with tsunami. INCOIS has prepared multi-hazard vulnerability maps to identity the coastal areas under threat.

The National Tsunami Early Warning System in INCOIS was set up in 2005 to provide early warnings for any possible tsunami.

The warning centre is capable of issuing Tsunami bulletins in less than 10 minutes after any major earthquake in the Indian Ocean and is providing tsunami early warnings and advisory services to 28 other countries on the Indian Ocean rim.

World Tsunami Awareness Day

To raise awareness about dangers of tsunami among people, November 5 has been designated UN as World Tsunami Awareness Day to coincide with the annual anniversary of the 1854 Inamura-no-hi or “Fire of Inamura” event.

Role of the World Tsunami Awareness Day is critical, because knowledge and awareness to tsunami risk will lead effective evacuation behavior which can save lives. This is directly related to the target 1 of the Sendai Framework, “reducing global disaster mortality”.

 

2.Curtain raiser -First-ever International Agrobiodiversity Congress to be held in New Delhi from 6-9 November, 2016

Source: PIB

The 1st International Agrobiodiversity Congress – IAC 2016 – will gather 900 delegates from 60 countries in New Delhi, India

This international Congress will initiate and encourage a dialogue among relevant stakeholders – including farmers – to better understand everyone’s role in agrobiodiversity management and the conservation of genetic resources.

Agricultural biodiversity

Agricultural biodiversity is the outcome of the interactions among genetic resources, the environment and the management systems and practices used by farmers. This is the result of both natural selection and human inventive developed over millennia.

  • Agricultural biodiversity is a broad term that includes all components of biological diversity of relevance to food and agriculture, and all components of biological diversity that constitute the agricultural ecosystems, also named agro-ecosystems
  • The variety and variability of animals, plants and micro-organisms, at the genetic, species and ecosystem levels, which are necessary to sustain key functions of the agro-ecosystem.

Agricultural biodiversity – or agrobiodiversity – is the foundation of sustainable agricultural development and is an essential natural resource to ensure current and future food and nutrition security.

As the world faces challenges, such as global malnutrition, climate change, increasing agricultural productivity, reducing risk and increasing shrinking food security.

Concern for the conservation and use of these precious resources because they provide essential raw materials for our agricultural systems and peoples’ livelihoods.

Conservation efforts:

  1. Discussion and knowledge-sharing on issues for the effective and efficient management of genebanks;
  2. Science-led innovations in the field of genetic resources;
  3. Livelihood, food and nutrition security though crop diversification, including use of lesser known crops and the role of crop wild relatives in crop improvement;
  4. Issues relating to quarantine, biosafety and biosecurity; and
  5. Intellectual Property Rights and Access and Benefit Sharing in the context of exchange of germplasm. To deliberate on the role of all the stakeholders in effective management and use of agrobiodiversity.

 



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